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basswood (Tilia americana)

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basswood (Tilia americana; LINDEN FAMILY [Tiliaceae]) Tall (60-80') trees with large heart-shaped leaves (5-6" long, 3-4" wide).  Flowers are fragrant, insect-pollinated, and produced in midsummer, all unusual for a Wisconsin tree.  The fruit is small (" diameter), spherical, and nutlike with an edible, but small seed, and is attached to a conspicuous leaf-like bract that is 4-5" long.  Mature bark is dark gray, ridged, and furrowed.  Stumps sprout extensively after cutting, so multiple-stemmed basswoods are common in second-growth woods.  In Wisconsin, occurs widely on rich soils with sugar maple.  [037]

 

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