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balsam fir (Abies balsamea)

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balsam fir (Abies balsamea; PINE FAMILY [Pinaceae]) Tall evergreen tree (40-60') with flat needles -1" long, blunt or notched at the tip, with 2 silvery bands of stomata on underside only.  Needles are 2-ranked except on topmost branches, and have no stalk at all.  Cones are cylindrical, purplish, 2-4" long, and point upward.  Young bark has many resin "blisters"; mature bark is gray reddish-brown and occurs in scaly plates.  Common near lakes and streams in the NE half of Wisconsin, but an upland species in the Canadian north woods.  [015]

 

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