An Introduction to Philosophy

(Optional material is marked with an asterisk.)

 

Getting Started

 

A Quick Overview

 

         What is Philosophy?

         Why do Philosophy?

         Study Tips

 

A Short Course in Logic

 

         Introduction

 

Lesson 1

         Example 1

Summary

         Example 2

Summary

 

Lesson 2

         Example 3

Summary

         Example 4

Summary

         Example 5

Summary

 

Interlude

         Zenoís Paradox

 

Lesson 3

         Example 6

Summary

         Parts Practice

         Example 7

Summary

         Example 8

Summary

 

Review

         Summary

         More Practice*

 

Reading and Writing Philosophy *

 

         Reading Philosophy

         Platoís Apology

         Writing Philosophy

         Paper Topic

 

Epistemology

 

Introduction to Epistemology

 

         Reading Questions

         Epistemology

         Foundationalism

 

Descartes

 

         Reading Questions

         Introduction

         Meditations

         Summary

 

Locke

 

         Reading Questions

         Introduction

         An Essay

         Summary

 

Truth or Utility *

 

         Truth or Utility

 

 

 

Metaphysics

 

Introduction to

Metaphysics

 

         Reading Questions

         Metaphysics and Philosophy of Religion

 

Cosmological Argument

 

         Reading Questions

         Cosmological Argument

         Aquinas, Summa Theologica

         Summary

 

Problem of Evil

 

         Reading Questions

         Problem of Evil

         Defenses

         Test

         Lesson

         Punishment

         Virtue

         Free Will

         Contrast

         The Stone

         Virtue II

         Free Will II

         Contrast II

         General

         Summary

 

Pascalís Wager

 

         Reading Questions

         Introduction

         The Wager

         Summary

 

Truth or Utility *

 

         Truth or Utility

 

 

Value Theory

 

Introduction to

Value Theory

 

         Reading Questions

         Value Theory and Ethics

 

Relativism

 

         Reading Questions

         Relativism

 

Consequentialism

 

         Utilitarianism

 

I) Quantity vs. Quality

 

Bentham

         Reading Questions

         Excerpts

 

Mill

         Reading Questions

         Excerpts

 

Summary

         Summary

 

II) Act vs. Rule

 

Some Objections to Utilitarianism

         Reading Questions

         Objections

 

Act vs. Rule Utilitarianism

         Reading Questions

         Act vs. Rule

         Objections Reconsidered

         Summary

 

Deontology

 

         Reading Questions

         Deontology

         Kant

         Section 1

         Section 2

         Section 3

         Section 4

         Section 5

         Section 6

         Section 7

         Section 8

         Section 9

         Section 10

         Section 11

         Section 12

         Summary

 

Truth or Utility *

 

         Truth or Utility

 

 

Clifford vs. James *

 

Clifford

 

         Reading Questions

         The Ethics of Belief

 

James

 

         Reading Questions

         The Will to Believe

 

Truth or Utility

 

         Clifford and James

 

 

Worldviews *

 

         Worldviews

         Wordviews and Philosophy

         Your Worldview