General Links for Educators
Brain-based learning and
learning, Waldorf Education & Future Studies
Trends in Curriculum &
Lesson Plan Sites
Models of teaching and learning
Newer views of learning
Graduate Exam Questions
Knowing something about personality
and learning styles is both fun and empowering. We all want to know
about ourselves and what makes us tick. But we have to remember to use
the information correctly as humans come in all shapes, sizes, and
The resulting style can be because one is
genetically predisposed toward a certain preference, or style preference
can be an extension of how one is raised. A style is a result of both
nature and nurture combined.
A personality style is an expression of
possible potential. A style is not a disability, nor is one
personality style better than another. It should not be used as an
excuse for not trying something, and it should not deter one from
attempting to do something either. Styles should not be used to
categorically or casually sift and sort people into camps or make gross
assumptions about types.
Wilson 1997, 2005, restrictions
See companion course
Please note that it is
important to remember that the Internet is
permanent medium. Frequently sites don't remain active, they move, or have
trouble with all of that electronic gear that not many of us understand. Or like
our own limited existences and ends, they just disappear into the cosmic ethers. So, if you find
material that appeals to you, create a hard copy in the event it is not there
For my links, if you try to reach a site listed herein and get
an error message or a "page not found message," and if the site repeatedly fails to
appear, please contact me and let me know via my e-mail link
below so that I can remove it
from my list. I know how terribly frustrating it is to click on a hyperlink and get a
"page not found" message.
Also, if you find an interesting or informative site related to my topic
headings -- one not already part of my lists, please let me know the address so I can add it. Thanks!
The Web is such a fantastic treasure trove of information. Hopefully, the sites selected here represent good examples of
information and connections available.
Have fun browsing and
General Comments and Overview Links on "learning styles:"
The term "learning styles" is often used as a catch all phrase. It
can be used in a number of ways to explain different things and that
can be very confusing. It is a term used to describe preferences
for: 1) certain types instructional or learning environments; 2)
social interactions; 3) types of information processing or thinking;
or 4) as academic extensions of personality styles; or 5)
preferences for types of stimuli or sensory modality preference, and
so on. It is a complex topic open to many different interpretations.
Here are some
general introductory sites that may help users decide discern which
definition is right for them. For my own part, I prefer to
differentiate "learning styles" in the most common way, as an
extension of general personality type, rather than as preferences in
used intelligence or sensory input.
- Great place to start -- nice test links to a
number of profiles
All School Guide - Nice overview with tests and sample links
Don Clark's Overview
of some of the contrasted differences
Enhancing learning - Enhancing learning with technology -- a
nice overview of the array of types
Upside down schoolroom - Again a nice array of links and a good
place to start a general overview.
and Theorists - Jungian Archetypes - Comprehensive site with many links to Jungian
ideas and resources.
Carl Jung -
Individuation Process - An overview of Jung's concepts on the process of
Archetypes Listing - An extension of Jung's original work into
archetypes from a literary perspective by author Tami Cowden
Personality Pathways - Excellent site for beginners investigating
this complex topic
Personality Types - Rather interesting twist to the conundrum of
personalities using the classic collapsed MBTI temperament types by John
Here is a page with
Links to MBTI - A good place to start
Wikipedia on Keirsey - Nice overview of Keirsey's theory
Temperament Sorter On-line
Paragon Educational Consulting Student Learning Style Inventory
- Online test similar to the MBTI or Keirsey tests. However, this
one reports that it is suitable to use with children 9 years and
above. The test is copyrighted and while the website offers some
information, it is meant to be administered by facilitators trained
in its usage as style information can be misused and even damaging
when used by the uninformed.
Personality: Character and Temperament - Official
Web Site for the Keirsey Temperament Sorter and Temperament Theory
Personality tests on the web
- Wonderful array of on-line, scored personality tests.
Personal Learning Style
- A series of pages that discuss learning styles.
Types - Lots of links and great charts
Another personality test - Just for fun.
and reliability of the MBTI
on validity and reliability of the MBTI - Offers critique on existing stats
AFT Pages - The following are two
articles from the American Federation of Teachers (AFT)pages and provide
some useful discussions on explaining learning modalities and some
of the research controversies surrounding the concept of learning
retention and modality usage, both are by Daniel Willingham. They
have changed the links so you will have to do a search within the
site based on title, author or subject.
Butler - An article by Kathleen
Successful Learning Strategies for the Emerging Adolescent, on
her SDI method(style differentiate instruction), in the
ERIC database. Note: If you have access to a library with a
subscription to ERIC, you can usually get a full text reprint of
- The Enneagram Institute - A commercial site
and Excellence in Higher Education - An excellent overview article by Terry
O'Connor on learning styles and their different permutations
directory of learning styles - Again, a good place to start and overview
and Butler's Learning Styles - A brief description explaining their theories
by Dennis Mills.
of Gregroc and his styles -- short and sweet
version of Gregorc sorter
Styles - University of Duluth pages on Learning Styles. Good place to start learning a lot about this topic.
styles and technology - Short overviews with hyperlinks from Calgary
Cooper's Compilation and Summaries of different learning styles materials
- very complete overview.
Theories of Learning - General Index - General Index on comprehensive site set up by Greg
Theories of Learning -
Comprehensive series of links with lots of theorists, again set up by George
Colors - Professors Bill and Lynn Kirby's site about the popular personality
Kirby's descriptors of true colors.
series of links on learning styles
Teaching and learning - Alistair McNaught -
Discussion of how to bring
in learning styles from a science of pedagogy perspective
Upside Down Classroom -- If you had to go to just one site on learning
styles, this would be it. Great array of links.
Learning modality inventory.
Learning styles and pedagogy in post-16 learning - From the
Brits -- This is a grand study and a meta-analysis of literature on
learning styles that is both careful and systematic as it critical
reviews a variety of instruments. A very comprehensive look at an
array of diverse learning style instrumentation (71) segregating and
examining the 13 most popular models. This study concluded that it
is the validity and reliability of the parent instrument that is
important in determining the ultimate usefulness and effectiveness
of the work related to teaching and learning. The study concentrates
on 4 major questions:
1. What models of learning
styles are influential and potentially influential?
2. What empirical evidence is there to support the claims made
for these models?
3. What are the broad implications for pedagogy of these models?
4. What empirical evidence is there that models of learning
styles have an impact on students learning?
Allinson and Hayes
Cognitive Styles Index (CSI)
Apter's Motivational Style
Dunn and Dunn model and
of learning styles
Entwistle's Approaches and
Study Skills Inventory
for Students (ASSIST)
Gregorc's Mind Styles
Model and Style Delineator (GSD)
Herrmann's Brain Dominance
Honey and Mumford's
Learning Styles Questionnaire (LSQ)
Jackson's Learning Styles
Kolb's Learning Style
Riding's Cognitive Styles
Styles Inventory (TSI)
Vermunt's Inventory of
Learning Styles (ILS)
it Nurture or nature? You decide
From Time - Personality Genes
The Mystery of Twins
Tests, tests and more tests -- some fun, some serious and
there are LOTS!
All the tests.com
- Again, all different types of IQ tests -- if you can get beyond the awful
flashing advertisements, it is informative and fun.
- A fun site despite the commercial attachments.
- On-line IQ test links
- A series of personality test
- A series on-line promotional tests -- kinda of fun.
- A fun site that has a personality test based on archetypes but placed in
Queendom.com -- all
kinds of tests -- EQ, MI, IQ and much more
Paragon Learning Styles Test - Great site -- If you take
the test please abide by the restrictions.
- a directory of
IQ tests on the web.
Tests, tests, tests - Again a
comprehensive array of on-line, scored tests in many different areas -- to include
personality and intelligence tests.
Ulla Zang - A fun
personality test that is surprisingly accurate.