When reviewing your essays for grammatical concerns, look for patterns. If you see the same symbols repeatedly, then find out what the concern is and how to address it. The goal is to reduce patterns or clusters of concerns.
Try to prioritize your patterns. Sentence structure concerns are generally more serious than punctuation concerns. When you proofread, you can focus on the patterns you need to reduce.P = Punctuation
- intro = introductory comma
- compd = compound sentence comma
- nonrestrictive = nonrestrictive comma
- circled comma = disruptive or unnecessary
- cs = comma splice (This is more serious than comma concerns)
- These concerns are labeled: e.g., parallelism, mixed construction. Refer to Rules for Writers for clarification and see me if you have questions. We will review many of these in class.
- agreement = pronoun/antecedent misagreement (e.g., the things--it)
- subj/verb agree = subject verb misagreement
- Ref/ref. = unclear reference (e.g., thing or person)
- ? = meaning not clear
- ( ) around words = words may not be necessary in the sentence
- rep=unnecessary repetition of phrases or words
Grammar Website: from the Guide to Grammar and Writing. Excellent explanations, examples, and interactive quizzes.