The purpose of this study guide is not to indicate exactly what will be on the exam. The ideas (which we have discussed in class) below are intended to help you think about the works we've read and studied this semester. Use these ideas with your notes and own ideas to think about the stories we have read. Don't forget your notes about the history of detective fiction, Conan Doyle, and the critical intro. to the Penguin ed. of the Sherlock Holmes stories. Also, the Course Notes have information to help you study.
Focus on your notes and the texts. Write out practice responses to previous quiz questions and questions you make up. Remember the quiz examples we went over in class. The cards from in-class group work should be helpful.
Also, keeping the stories and adaptations straight in your mind will require you to know the these works well. Go back through your notes and revise them as needed to clarify the stories. Review your adaptation note sheets too.
The exam will cover everything through (including) "The Stockbroker's
- Multiple choice, matching, or fill in the blank*
- Short Answer*
**Like quiz questions.
You will have choices.
Time for midterm: 60-65 mins. (You will have the full class period--75mins--if you wish.)
Major themes we've investigated. Think about how these themes are related as well as other examples of stories that capture the ideas listed below, perhaps some more than others or in different ways. Of course, stories will fit more than one theme.
1. Marriage: We've discussed marriage in many of the stories we've read. Key issues are the role of marriage in Victorian society and the relationship of men and women in marriage. Based on our readings, how is marriage presented in the stories? A duty for men and women? A means of affirming middle-class values of hearth, home, responsibility, earnestness, stability, happiness, love? What does marriage offer men? Women? Particularly, consider single women who have an inheritance and are considering marriage. What role does money play in impending marriages? How might we understand marriage using the separate spheres doctrine? Finally, why is preserving/helping some marriages important for Holmes and Watson? (Watson's own marriage: "The Man . . . Lip") Examples: "A Case of Identity," "The Noble Bachelor," "The Speckled Band," and "A Scandal in Bohemia."
2. Holmes/Clients (Family): Consider the dynamic in this opposition. Holmes represents/practices scientific method, lawfulness, order, compusure, reason, and a energetic, dedicated, hard-working professional middle class. His clients usually present him and society with unlawfulness, disorder, violence, emotion, and a dissipated, corrupted, self-satisfied aristocracy/upper class. How would you characterize the interactions Holmes has with his clients, and what are the results? Holmes restores order by solving cases, but what about the Victorian society that exists in the background? Does solving crime cure social ills? (What is the nature of the crimes Holmes investigates?) Examples: "The Yellow Face," "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," "The Beryl Coronet," and "The Man . . . Lip."
3. Relationship between Holmes and Watson (Characterization): This theme asks us to consider Holmes and Watson as colleagues, partners, and friends. On the one hand, Holmes and Watson are opposites or foils (action & nonaction, master & student, detective & writer, case itself & those involved). On the other hand, they seems to complement each other and offer support to each other, even in nondemonstrative ways. Holmes is a mystery in many ways while Watson is familiar and accessible. Also, consider the backgrounds/characteristics of each character. Their arguments or disagreements. Finally, there is Holmes's scientific methodology and deductive (and inductive) reasoning as well as his dual identity that Watson describes. And there are Watson's reflections as a writer, as narrator of the tales. Examples: "The Copper Beaches," "A Scandal in Bohemia," "The Five Orange Pips," and "The Speckled Band."
4. Offical Law Enforcement (see #2): Inspectors Jones, Lestrade, and Gregory represent different types of professional/official police officers (Scotland Yard/English detective service). They work to uphold the law and arrest those who break the law, working within and bounded by the official justice system. Holmes is a consulting detective and is not bound by the official justice system. One issue is the compentency of the police and Holmes's working relationship with them. (The history of the development of policing in the 19th century is relevant here.) As a consulting detective, Holmes has freedom and flexibility, but it also raises questions about his sense of morality and justice. For Holmes, there is the case itself, and then there is the aftermath--justice and punishment. Holmes is detached, yet he will sometimes extend his involvement. Why? What values does Holmes appear to uphold? Examples: "Silver Blaze," "The Boscombe Valley Mystery," "The Five Orange Pips," and "The Blue Carbuncle."
5. Plotting (Deductive Reasoning/Scientific Methodology): Think
about how individual stories are plotted as well as the pattern throughout
the Holmes stories. Generally, a client is introduced who tells the
facts of the case (case history). Then Holmes investigates and solves
the crime. The denouement ties up loose ends. Do some stories
vary this general pattern? What is the effect of plotting stories in
this (these) way(s)? Holmes's scientific method relies on deduction
and induction. Also, it highlights the relationship between reason
(facts) & imagination, science & literature.
Examples: "Silver Blaze," "The Copper Beaches," "The Red-Headed League," and "The Blue Carbuncle.
6. Adaptation: We consider two theories: fidelity and auteur. Key questions we raised were 1.) What purpose does an adaptation serve for contemporary viewers who may or may not have read (or even be familiar with) the Holmes stories? and 2) and why does an adapation maintain some links with the original and change or transform other characters, plot details, themes, etc.? Is an adaptation an interpretation of an original work or itself "original"? Consider the adaptations we have reviewed and our excellent class discussions.
Some additional ideas we discussed were Holmes's use of disguises and his addiction--or cocaine use. You might develop these as themes or connect them to the themes above.